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PGY2 Psychiatric Pharmacy Residency

This residency program is designed to provide advanced training and education, beyond the PGY1 Pharmacy Practice Residency, in psychopharmacology and psychiatric pharmacy practice. Clinical emphasis is on acute adult psychiatry with opportunities for experiences in child/adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, neurology, toxicology, and in ambulatory psychiatry settings. Upon completion of this PGY2 program, the resident will be prepared for a psychiatric clinical pharmacist position with adjunct clinical faculty responsibilities.


Applicants must be Doctor of Pharmacy graduates from an ACPE-accredited school or college of pharmacy; have completed an accredited PGY1 Pharmacy Practice Residency; be licensed or eligible for pharmacist licensure in Virginia; and possess requisite patient care training or experience. The successful applicant must possess exceptional knowledge, clinical problem solving, communication skills, and leadership qualities.

Residency Goals

  • To develop expert pharmacy skills and competencies in various psychiatric pharmacy practice areas and special populations, enabling the resident to provide drug therapy consultation and therapeutic drug monitoring while practicing in an acute care and an ambulatory psychiatric setting.
  • To develop and enhance teaching skills through experiential and didactic teaching of pharmacy students; education of patients and families; and instruction of health care team members to promote rational, cost-effective psychiatric drug therapy.
  • To provide experiences in clinical research in psychiatric pharmacy practice through initiation and completion of a clinical research project.
  • To enhance written and oral communication skills to enable the resident to contribute psychiatric information through publication and presentation.
  • To develop effective organizational, integrative, and evaluative skills that will assist the resident in developing cost-effective and patient-oriented pharmacy services in psychiatry.


The Psychiatric Pharmacy Program Director or program preceptors and residents from VCUHS will be interviewing at the ASHP Midyear Personnel Placement Service. Candidates are encouraged to interview at the ASHP Midyear Personnel Placement Service and apply for the program. On site interviews are by invitation only.

Training Structure

The PGY2 Psychiatric Pharmacy Resident will gain a broad range of experiences within established psychiatry practice areas at VCU Health System. The resident will serve as an active member of the interdisciplinary team with rotations on each of the following services: Medical Psychiatry, Affective Disorders, Schizophrenia, Geriatric Psychiatry, and Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Elective rotations may be drawn from these or other services such as Psychiatry Consult & Liaison, Emergency Psychiatry, Neurology, and Clinical Toxicology. Activities include participation in daily work rounds, faculty attending physician teaching rounds, and psychiatry and pharmacy conferences.

The primary practice sites are the inpatient psychiatry units at VCU Health System. The secondary site is Virginia Treatment Center for Children, a psychiatric facility at VCU Health System for management of children and adolescents. Both sites serve as referral centers for central Virginia. Additional sites include affiliated clinics.


The PGY2 Psychiatric Pharmacy Resident is given an academic faculty appointment as a Clinical Instructor in the VCU School of Pharmacy and will have opportunities to provide didactic instruction (e.g., lectures, team-based learning and skills lab sessions, case conferences) and experiential training (e.g., APPEs) for Doctor of Pharmacy students from the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy. Residents may participate in an elective teaching and learning certificate program.


Each resident is responsible for initiating and successfully completing a research project, with presentation at an internal residency research symposium. Residents are encouraged to submit their projects for publication. An advisor and additional support guides the resident through the process. Potential psychiatry research projects are presented to the residents at the start of the residency program.


This program is accredited by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists and participates in the ASHP/NMS PGY2 Matching Program and PhORCAS.

Program Leadership

Program Director

Ericka L. Breden Crouse, PharmD, BCPP, CGP, FASHP
Clinical Specialist, Psychiatry
Clinical Associate Professor of Pharmacy and Psychiatry
     PharmD, University of Florida
     Residency in Geriatrics at VAMC Durham (Geriatrics)
     Residency in Psychiatry at VCU Health System

Coordinator, Pharmacy Residency Programs

Craig Kirkwood, PharmD
Assistant Director, Pharmacotherapy Services
Associate Professor of Pharmacy
     BS, University of Buffalo
     PharmD, University of Buffalo
     Residency in Hospital Pharmacy, Buffalo General Hospital
     Residency in Drug Information, North Carolina Memorial Hospital at University of North Carolina


Director, Department of Pharmacy Services

Rodney L. Stiltner, PharmD, MS
Director, Department of Pharmacy Services
Clinical Associate Professor of Pharmacy
     PharmD, Mercer University
     MS, University of Wisconsin
     Residency in Management Pharmacy Practice, University of Wisconsin Medical Center


Application Process

Application is made through the PhORCAS process. The application deadline is January 2, 2018. For application instructions, please visit the Application Process section of this website.

Required Characteristics to be Evaluated by Your Reference Writers:

1. Ability to organize and manage time

2. Ability to work with peers and communicate

3. Clinical problem solving

4. Dependability

5. Willingness to accept constructive criticism

6. Emotional stability and maturity


Number of Positions


Salary and Benefits

The salary for PGY2 pharmacy residents at VCU Health System is $49,816.

Duration of Appointment

The pharmacy resident's contract at VCU Health System will begin on July 1 of the program year. The pharmacy residency will be completed on June 30 of the subsequent year.

Vacation and Holiday Leave

Two weeks (10 days) are granted for paid vacation or personal leave. This may be taken during rotations throughout the year. At least 10 days of paid holiday leave are provided during the year. Discretionary leave (personal or vacation leave) is pre-approved by the resident's rotation preceptor, the residency program director, and the residency programs coordinator. In general, the resident will be absent no more than five days during any rotation.

Sick and Family Leave

Two weeks (10 days) of paid sick leave and one week (5 days) of family leave are provided as baseline leave. When either sick or family baseline leave is exhausted, extended sick/family leave is available for an additional 17 days. Use of extended sick/family leave may prompt conversion of elective rotations to required rotations as needed to meet the resident's program objectives. After complete use of extended sick/family leave, unpaid leave is utilized and the need to extend the residency is considered.

Educational and Professional Leave

Educational leave is provided for attendance at a national professional meeting (up to 5 days) and the regional residency conference (up to 3 days). For the national professional meeting, PGY2 pharmacy residents will attend the ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting. PGY2 residents are provided an additional 5 days of educational leave to attend a specialty-specific meeting (e.g., ACCP, SCCM, HOPA, CPNP), upon approval by the program director and the residency programs coordinator. Financial assistance is provided in the form of a stipend toward travel, meals and lodging expenses at the national and regional meetings and, for PGY2 residents, may be applied toward the additional educational meeting upon administrative approval. Professional leave (up to 5 days) is granted for interviews without the use of vacation days. Professional leave may be used for attendance at a professional meeting, in lieu of interviews, upon the permission of the program director.

Health Benefits

The VCU Health System provides a health insurance policy, to each pharmacy resident. Coverage includes outpatient physician visits and laboratory tests. Prescription, dental, vision, and family coverage are available through payroll deduction with the respective co-pay and vary with the level of coverage desired.

Liability Insurance

VCU Health System is self-insured and provides professional liability (malpractice) insurance, subject to policy limits, for each pharmacy resident. Insurance covers professional service when on-duty within the institution. It does not cover professional services (e.g., moonlighting or consulting activities) provided at other facilities or institutions. This malpractice insurance will cover all acts of alleged medical negligence while a resident is at VCU Health System. Residents may choose to enhance the professional liability insurance with a personal liability policy.

Moonlighting and Optional Staffing

Residents are permitted to seek additional, paid staffing as a pharmacist upon approval of their program director. For convenience, the staffing usually occurs within VCU Health System. Moonlighting, in general, will not extend to greater than eight hours weekly. Additional staffing which conflicts with residency requirements is not permitted.

Office Space and Resources

The Department of Pharmacy Services provides office space for the PGY2 residents in the Main Hospital. Residents access patient information and drug information throughout VCUHS and from home via the VCUHS Cerner information system.

Health and Recreation Facilities

Residents have access to VCU recreational facilities, including exercise equipment, weight rooms, aerobic activities, basketball courts and swimming pools, at a reduced membership fee.


Parking is provided on the VCU Medical Center campus through payroll deduction at the reduced, housestaff rate.